This check establishes if an individual has a criminal record.
This check provides what is referred to as an Extract from the Criminal Records Registry.
Judgments, decisions and summary punishments are included in the extract. Normal fines are not included. Sentences are included, depending on the crime, for example:
- Theft crimes
- Fraud crimes
- Other crimes
The law regarding how long information is stored in the Swedish criminal record depends on the sentence given and varies between 3 and 20 years depending on the crime committed. The maximum length for a sentence to be held in the Swedish criminal record system is 20 years.
If there is more than one criminal record for an individual, all information will remain visible until all the convictions are considered “spent”.
Records are removed five years after the judgement, decision or approval in the following situations:
- Monetary fines, such as speeding fines
- Fines proportional to daily income
- Refusal of access
- Record is removed five years after the sentence has expired, statute-barred
- Alternative sentence, conversion to prison for fines
- Statutory limitations of imprisonment
- Suspended sentences, five years if the person was under 18 at the time of the crime
- Probation, 5 years if the individual was under 18 at the time of the crime
- Youth service, 5 years if the individual was under 18 at the time of the crime
- Juvenile care or transfer to care under the Care of Alcoholics and Drug Abusers Act (1988: 870), 5 years if the individual was under 18 at the time of the crime.
- Free from penalties, 5 years if the individual was under 18 at the time of the crime.
Data is removed 10 years after the judgement or decision in the following situations:
- Suspended sentence
- When no charges have been filed if the individual was 18 years and older at the time of the crime
- Youth custody
- Youth service
- Juvenile care or transfer to care under the Care of Alcoholics and Drug Abusers Act
- Free from penalties
- Contact prohibition
Data is removed 10 years after the sentence has been served in the following situations:
- Youth custody
- Psychiatric care
Data should be retained in criminal records as long as the sorting out time for other data, removal time, has not arrived. The exception is monetary fines, as they do not affect sorting out time for other data.
The longest time data may be left in the criminal records is 20 years, with the exception of prison sentences that are removed later than 20 years after release and transfer to forensic psychiatric and removed later than 20 years after discharge (Section 18 and Section 17).
If a reported crime does not result in any judgement, it will not appear in the criminal records. An acquittal in the first instance never appears in the records. If there is an acquittal in a higher court, the data is removed from the criminal record following the date when legal force was applied.